Tuesday, February 4, 2014

Shift in Direction

I haven't posted anything for a long time, particularly because I was doing research on family lines other than my DAWES ancestors.  Originally, I had intended to create individual blogs for each of my grandparents so would have ones for RAYNER, LAMB and GARDNER in addition to my DAWESROOTS.  However, I have since decided that keeping four blogs current is a lot more work that combining all of my ancestors under one roof, DAWESROOTS.  Therefore, I will be adding my research material and speculation about the above surnames to this blog.  I will still update DAWES material as new or corrected information turns up and I will rework the labels to reflect which family a post is assigned to.

I will start with an overview chart of each of the new families.

Enjoy


Friday, May 24, 2013

The Dawes Dynasty - From humble labourers to a prominent Brigton builder


I wrote this story for entry in the Sussex FHS "Write your Family History" Competition and thought it would also be of use in this blog.

My DAWES ancestors were humble folk, mostly labourers from Sussex, except for one who broke the mold.  This is his story.

And, they were all named Thomas.

As early as I can ascertain, the first Thomas DAWS was born in Uckfield about 1769 based on his age of 75 at his death in 1843.  He died of atrophy which was registered by his neighbour, Mary Darby.  Fortunately for me, he just made it into the 1841 census.  Thomas was a labourer on all the records that track his life.

Now I am going to leave the story for a moment and engage in a little genealogical speculation.  I believe that his father was Thomas DAW born about 1746 in Lewes who married Mary Hilton in 1768 Willingdon.  I also believe that his grandparents were Joseph DAW born about 1710 in Lewes and Ann EARL born about 1714 also in Lewes and married in Framfield.  His great-grandparents might have been James DAW born about 1684 in Warbleton but died in Lewes and Mary CHANNEL who also died in Lewes.  These three generations could be all fluff and are my current challenge to prove.

So back to Thomas the Labourer.  Both he and Elizabeth are also found on the 1831 census for Uckfield as transcribed by PJN Publications in 1988.

Elizabeth was born as Elizabeth Whitebread in 1785 Hadlow, Kent.  Thomas married her in Tudley & Capel in 1804 and they settled in Hadlow for a while where they had five children there between 1805 and 1811.  A Poor Law Removal Order was issued 9 Aug. 1809 ordering them back to Uckfield correctly naming three of the five children and their ages.  Two more children, Thomas (b. 1809) and Sarah (b. 1810) were born in Hadlow before they actually moved but then only a short distance to East Peckham where they had four more children. They stayed in East Peckham until 1821 as George was baptised there in that year.  Their last child was Harriet who was baptised in Uckfield in 1829.  However, I wonder if Harriet might be a grand-daughter as there were eight years between her and George with Elizabeth being 44 at the time of her birth although Harriet's marriage certificate does show her father as Thomas DAWES (Labourer).

By a long and circuitous route, Thomas-the-Labourer has finally returned to his birth place of Uckfield where we pick up the story of the next Thomas who was born in 1809, just about the time of the removal order, and became a bricklayer in Uckfield.  In 1834, Thomas-the-Bricklayer married Ann LANGRIDGE in Lewes.  She is descended from the Horsted Keynes Langridge's.  They had five children between 1835 and 1846 with only Joseph, the first, escaping vital registration.  They were all born and baptised in Uckfield with the final Thomas of this tale being the middle child born in 1840.

Thomas-the-Bricklayer died of cancer at age 42 in 1851.  It is also noted on his death certificate that he had a hernia which is not surpizing considering his occupation.  His wife, Ann, was now widowed with five children between five and sixteen.  Because Thomas died in a census year it is hard to determine how Ann managed over the next ten years although there were many Dawes relatives living in Uckfield so she was probably taken in by one of them.  Her own Langridge siblings also lived in Uckfield so hopefully she would have had lots of support.
 
Ann remarries, in 1856, to James Gallop in Uckfield.  I suspect that they had to get married because shortly afterward they registered the birth of a daughter, Caroline.  By 1861, she and James are living in Brighton with Caroline and her son, Thomas, who is a wheelwright.  Thomas was probably there first because of this snippet from a letter written by one of his grandchildren, Reg Barnes, to another cousin.
At the age of 14 he walked to Brighton in a pair of his father's old boots to seek employment, and by sheer grit and perserverance became in course of time one of Brighton's leading builders.
This would mean that Thomas-the-Builder traveled to Brighton in 1854.


Through the course of the census records between 1861 and 1911, Thomas-the-Builder is a wheelwright, painter, and builder.  It is estimated that he built well over 100 houses in Brighton and played a major role in the building of the Florence Road Baptist Church.  This again is taken from the memoires of Reg Barnes which I have transcribed and placed in the SFHG library.

His mother, Ann, died in 1874 at age 62 from heart disease and asthma, an affliction which I have inherited.  Two years later, in 1876, Thomas-the-Builder marries Sarah BOXALL who was born in Brighton in 1841.  Thomas and Sarah proceeded to have nine children of which one died young in 1870 and a spinster daughter died at age 32.  The remaining seven all married but only produced eleven grandchildren with half of the their lines dying out in the next generation.  Not a very prolific family!



Sarah, his wife, died in 1890 from leukemia.  Thomas-the-Builder remarried in 1894 to Sarah Roust and had one more child with her.  Finally, another Thomas.  Of his nine children with Sarah BOXALL, none of the boys were named Thomas although one was christened Tom, my grandfather.  He completely broke the traditional naming convention which the family had used in all previous generations by using Walter, Ernest, Tom and Albert.  His last son, I will call Thomas-the-Organist, because he carried the letters A.R.C.O., F.R.C.O and F.T.C.L. after his name and was sought after to play many church recitals and as a church organist.  He was also the "cousin" who kept in touch with his relatives and managed the affairs for several.  Unfortunately, he and his wife, Grace WOODING, had no offspring.

Thomas-the-Builder ran his building business, Dawes & Son, from 54 Springfield Road.  He is famous for tearing down the Cutress & Son windmill at the top of Roundhill Road and using the the materials to build the terrace houses on Belton Road.  When he died, in 1925, he left 22 houses to his children and grandchildren of which my grandfather inherited three specifically, 40 & 48 Belton Road and 94 Chester Terrace.  
Unfortunately, my widowed grandmother had to sell these off before WWII, otherwise, I would be living in Brighton today!

That's my rags to riches story of how a humble family of labourers became one of Brighton's prominent families.  Within this family history are a hundred more little stories that have revealed themselves as I have rooted through the family's past and been carried off on tangents.  My grandfather, Tom Dawes, became a carpenter and emigrated to Canada in 1906.  Family lore has it that he wanted to be a teacher rather than follow his father in to the building business and that's why he left.  My grandmother, Caroline GARDNER, followed him a year later and they married the day after she arrived in Montreal.  It's a shame that they never went back nor did any of their family ever visit them.  I have inherited his original tool chest which is like a 100 year old time capsule of the Brighton building trades.
 








Wednesday, January 30, 2013

Some old DAWES marriages

A friend put me on to some early Sussex records so I had a look and extracted the ones for DAW, DAWE, DAWS and DAWES.

The source is "Sussex Marriage Licences" recorded in the Consistory Court of the Bishop of Chichester for the Archdeaconry of Lewes for the periods Aug 1586 to Mar 1642-3 and Aug 1670 to Mar 1728-9 as published by the Sussex Record Society in 1901.  I apologize for the formatting but I have been away from blogging for over a year and please don't comment on the spelling as this is a literal transcription from the original document.



YEAR
MO
DAY
NAME
DETAILS
1606
Apr
9
DAWE
Thomas DAWE of Burwash & Margaret FRENCHE of same, maiden: sureties, said T.D., Abraham BRATHAWITE of Burwash, husbandman, and John TAYLOR of Lewes, barbor (S. Mary, Lewes)
1606
Aug
23
DAWE
William PLAYSTOW & Cicily DELVE of Selscombe, maiden: sureties, George DAWE of Selscombe, taylor, and Henry SAUNDERS of Lewes, inholder (Selscombe)
1608
May
24
DAWE
John DAWE of Mountfield, yeoman, & Alice IDEN of Northiham, maiden: sureties, said J.D. and Stephen IDEN of Ewhurst, yeoman, brother of the said Alice (S. Mary Westout, Lewes)
1610
Apr
26
DAWE
Richard DAWE of Withihan, yeoman, & Anne Burchfold of Horsham, widow: sureties, said R.D. and Robert HOOKER of Eastgrinsted, yeoman (Northiham)
1612
Jul
4
DAWE
Goddard DAWE, mercer, & Jane BELDHAM of Hooe, maiden: sureties, said G.D. and Richard HART of same, yeoman (Hooe)
1615-6
Feb
10
DAWES
Drew BALCOMBE of Eastgrinsted, yeoman, & Mary SNOWE of Horsted Parva, maiden: sureties, said D.B. and George DAWES of Cuckfield, husbandman (Horsted Parva)
1618
May
4
DAWES
James DAWES of Echingham, yeoman, & Alice PARKER of Battle, maiden: sureties, said J.D. and John DAWES of Burwashe, yeoman (Echingham)
1621
Jul
13
DAWE
John BRAINTE of Echingham & Susan DAWE of Tisehurst, maiden: sureties, Ambrose COGGER of Tisehurst, yeoman, and John STONE of same, yeoman (Echingham)
1621
Nov
16
DAWE
George DAWE of Tisehurst, husbandman, & Ellenor BAKER of same, widow: sureties, G.D. and Edward TUTTY of Brightling, husbandman (BRIGHTLING)
1623-4
Mar
13
DAW
Robert STEPHENS of Tisehurst husbandman, & Mary DAW of Echingham, maiden: sureties, said R.S. and Renued WOOD of Tisehurst, clothier (Echingham)
1624
Jul
24
DAWES
Richard DAWES of Slaugham & Anne GILES of Lullington, maiden: sureties, said R.D. and Thomas BOTCHER of Westdeane, blacksmith (Lullington)
1629
Sep
8
DAWES
Thomas DAWES of Selscombe, yeoman, & Mary ODIHAM of Udimer, maiden: sureties, said T.D. and Thomas HAWES of Battle, gent. (Udimer)
1631
May
31
DAWE
Gilbert SENNOCK of Heathfield, husbandman, & Margaret DAWE of same, maiden: sureties, said G.S. and Zachary SENNOCK of same, yeoman (S. Mary Westout, Lewes)
1632-3
Jan
24
DAWES
John COX of Breade, taylor, & Elizabeth STUNT of Selscombe, widow: sureties, Thomas DAWES of Selscombe, yeoman, and Thomas HAWES of Battle, gent, (Selscombe)
1634
Oct
7
DAWE
Stephen DAWE of Ewhurst, yeoman, & Presilla PURFLE of Gestling, maiden: sureties, Jeremy DUNSTEERE of Gestling and Thomas BURKIN of Lewes, locksmith (Gestling)
1635
May
25
DAWE
Thomas MITTEN of Burwashe, butcher, & Elizabeth DAWE of same, maiden: sureties, said T.M. and George CLARKE of Lewes, vintner (Burwashe)
1636
May
21
DAWE
John DAWE of Maighfield & Alice PARFITE of same, maiden (Maighfield)
1637
Oct
3
DAWE
Thomas HOLMWOOD of Brightling, yeoman, & Bersheba DAWE of Laughton, maiden: sureties, said T.H. and James WOOLLET of Lewes, tayler (Bexhill)
1639
May
28
DAWES
Eseum CLAYDEN of Hastings, marriner, & Margaret HINSON of Rie, widow: sureties, Henry HIGGINS or Rie, tayler and Thomas DAWES of Lewes, mettleman (Rie)
1640
Jul
28
DAWES
Francis DAWES of Eastgrinsted, husbandman, & Elizabeth SNOWE of same, maiden: sureties, said F.D. and Richard PLAWE of same, inholder (Worth)
1641
May
21
DAWE
John ROLF of Withiham, yeoman, & Elizabeth DAWE of Ewhurst, maiden: sureties, said J.R. and John ROLF of Cockfield, yeoman (Fraunt)
1641
Dec
21
DAWES
Francis DAWES of Cockfield, shoomaker, & Agnes BURSTOWE of same, maiden: sureties, said F.D. and William STANFORD of Lindfield, currier (All Saints, Lewes)
1642
Jun
10
DAWE
William INCE of Hellingly, husbandman, & Elizabeth BOWER of Horsted Parva, maiden: sureties, said W.I. and Richard DAWE of Hellingly, tanner, (Horsted Parva)
1642
Oct
3
DAWE
Thomas WOOD of Tisehurst, yeoman, & Alice DAWE of Ewhurst, maiden: sureties, said T.W. and Richard VYNE of Lewes, carpenter (Tisehurst)
1672-3
Feb
12
DAWE
James DAWE of Willingdon & Jane COOPER of same maiden: sureties, said J.D. and Abraham COOPER of the Cliffe near Lewes, cordwainer Willingdon or Westdean
1675
Oct
27
DAW
William DAW of Heathfield & Mary DURRANT of Warbleton: sureties, said W.D. and Walter JONES of Lewes (All Saints, Lewes)
1676
Jul
1
DAW
John MARTIN of Crowhurst & Anne DAW of Bexill widow (Bexhill or Hollington)
1682
Nov
7
DAW
George DAW of Northiham & Anne HIGHWOOD of same, widow: sureties, said G.D. and Richard HUGGETT of Tenterden, yeoman (Peasemarsh or Northiham)
1682
Dec
16
DAWE
William BEACH of Arlington & Elizabeth DAWE of same: sureties, said W.B. and Edward BAKER of Arlington (Arlington)
1683
Nov
15
DAW
John CROWNEDGE of Playden & Elizabeth DAW of Warbleton, widow: sureties, said J.C. and Thomas DAW (Dallington)
1684
Jul
22
DAWES
Edward DAWES of Cowfold & Sarah SHAW of Hurstperpoint, maiden: sureties, said E.D. and John SNATT of Lewes
1686
May
24
DAW
William HYLAND of Ditchalling & Mary STARR of Burwash: sureties, said W.H. and John DAW of Dallington (Dallington)
1687
Jun
28
DAWES
George DAWES of East Grinsted & Mary ROAFE of Fletching, maiden: sureties, said G.D. and Thomas ROAFE of Fleching, miller) All Saints, Lewes)
1689
Nov
12
DAWES
Drew DAWES of Udimur & Margaret BAKER of Peasemarsh, maiden: sureties, said D.D. and Thomas SKINNER of Peasemarch (Peasemarch)
1690-1
Feb
12
DAWES
John HOPE of Udimur & Elizabeth BALLARD of same, widow: sureties, said J.H. and Nathaniel DAWES of Rye (Peasemarch)
1691
Jul
8
DAW
Richard DICKER of Iden & Anne GOODWYN of Salehurst, widow: sureties, said R.D. and Stephen DAW of Iden (Iden)
1692
May
24
DAWES
William OXLEY of Waldron & Sarah GIBBONS of Heathfield, maiden: sureties, said W.O. and Allan DAWES of Heathfield (S. Michael, Lewes)
1692
Oct
6
DAWES
Nicholas BURT of Bolney & Anne DAWES of same, maiden: sureties, said N.B. and Richard DODSON of Lewes (S. John, Lewes)
1694
Sep
25
DAW
William BARNETT of Smargett co. Kent, & Elizabeth BANKS of Smargate: sureties, said W.B. and Stephen DAW of Iden (Iden)
1694
Oct
9
DAW
Thomas BROOKE of Westfield & Mary DAW of same: surties, said T.B. and John DAW of same
1695
Aug
20
DAW
John HOLMES of Cuckfield & Susan JENNER of same, maiden: sureties, said J.H. and Edward DAW of same (All Saints, Lewes)
1697-8
Mar

DAW
Joseph STEPHENS of Mayfield & Anne DAW of (blank) widow: sureties, said J.S. and Joseph STEVENS, senior of Mayfield (Dallington) NOTE: Date is blank but between Mar 10th & 16th.
1701
May
29
DAWES
John DUMBRELL of Cuckfield, bachelor, & Thomasine DAWES of same, widow (All Saints, Lewes)
1709
Sep
23
DAW
John DAW of Hailsham, gent., & Mary STORE of Warbleton, spinster.
1711-2
Feb
9
DAW
Thomas WOOD of the Cliffe, bachelor, & Sarah DAW of Lewes, spinster.
1718-9
Feb
24
DAW
John DAW of Stone in Kent, Yeoman, & Mary EVE.
1720
Jun
25
DAWES
Edward DAWES of Cuckfield, yeoman, & Elizabeth UWINS, spinster.
1722
Aug
24
DAWES
Thomas DAWES of Eastgrinsted, yeoman, & Jane HEAD of same, spinster.
1722
Oct
17
DAW
Francis DAW of Salehurst, yeoman, & Jane INSKIP of Battle.
1724
May
25
DAWE
Thomas DAWE of Arlington, weaver, & Elizabeth IRIDGE of Hailsham, spinster.